Das Denkmal - The Monument - is a project by Anna Hilti, Toni Büchel, and Luis Hilti, suggesting a monument of migration to the landscape of monuments in Liechtenstein. We investigated the existing landscape and exhibited our findings in a structure that was inspired by the middle deck of a ship in which most of the Liechtenstein emigrants traveled to America. Instead of rolling another stone on a plaza, we chose to do a public workshop to develop a new kind of monument.
The alps have always been a place of transit, characterized by migration and travel. Ever since the first humans followed a Mammut into the Rhine valley and then decided to stay, societies have moved in and out of it time and time again. The Romans moved in two thousand years ago, Germanic tribes a few hundred years later and the last major group to arrive were the Walser, who settled in the mountains. In the last century, immigration happened due to work and was much more manyfold with people from Italy, Spain, Portugal, turkey, and ex-Yugoslavia making up an ever-greater proportion of the population.
Migratory movements are often seen as a threat by those who occupy a territory, forgetting that migration is not the exception, but the rule and that basically all territories on earth have been, in different ages, subject to emigration and immigration.
Liechtenstein used to be an agricultural society and extremely poor for most of its history. In the 19th and early 20th century it was characterized by emigration. In the wake of the hostility towards immigrants from war-torn countries in recent years, Anna Hilti, Toni Büchel, and Luis Hilti decided to suggest a monument of migration to the existing landscape of monuments in the landscape of Liechtenstein. We investigated the existing landscape of monuments and exhibited our findings in a structure that was inspired by the middle deck of the ship in which most of the emigrants traveled to America. Instead of rolling another stone on a plaza, We chose to do a public workshop to develop a new monument.